Ramallah is a city in the central West Bank, within the Palestinian territories, serving as the de facto administrative capital of the State of Palestine. [ Map location]
Situated on the Judaean Mountains, Ramallah is positioned approximately 15km north of
Jerusalem, with an average elevation of 872 meters (2,861 ft) above sea level and is adjacent to al-Bireh.
Ramallah has a rich
history, dating back to ancient times. It has been a center of culture and commerce for centuries.
In the modern era, it became an administrative and cultural hub for Palestinians, particularly after the Oslo Accords. Ramallah has played a key role in Palestinian political and cultural life.
Ramallah has a diverse population, with a majority of Palestinians, including
Muslims and Christians. The city has seen significant growth in recent years, driven by both natural population increase and urbanization.
Ramallah is a
major economic and administrative center in the West Bank. Its economy is characterized by a mix of public sector employment, services, commerce, and light industry.
Palestinian Authority's administrative offices, international NGOs, and foreign missions play a significant role in the local economy.
Ramallah is located in the central
West Bank and is part of the mountainous region. It is situated in the Judean Hills, providing the city with a pleasant climate due to its elevation.
The city is surrounded by hills, with fertile land used for agriculture, primarily olive and fruit tree cultivation.
Ramallah experiences a
Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Summers can see temperatures above 30°C (86°F), while winters are characterized by mild temperatures and occasional rainfall.
The city's elevation in the Judean Hills moderates its climate compared to lower-lying areas in the region.