, also known as Pietersburg, is a city situated in the Limpopo Province of Polokwane South Africa. [ Map location]
Located at approximately 23.9009° S latitude and 29.4585° E longitude in the northern part of the country, it serves as the
capital of the Limpopo Province and stands as South Africa's largest urban center north of Gauteng.
Polokwane has a diverse demographic profile, with a population that includes various ethnic and cultural groups.
It is home to people of African, Coloured, White, and Indian descent. The demographics are reflective of the broader South African population mix.
The economy of Polokwane is multifaceted. The city serves as an economic and commercial center for the Limpopo Province, with sectors such as agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and services playing pivotal roles.
Agriculture, particularly the cultivation of crops such as maize and vegetables, is significant in the region. The city's strategic location also contributes to its economic importance, being a key transport and logistics hub.
Polokwane has a history dating back to the 19th century when it was established as a Voortrekker settlement. The city has undergone several name changes throughout its history, including Pietersburg, its former name.
It has witnessed the effects of
colonialism, apartheid, and post-apartheid transformation, contributing to its diverse historical tapestry.
Polokwane is characterized by its geographical location in a predominantly savanna landscape, with subtropical elements. It is situated in the Highveld region of South Africa and is surrounded by rolling hills and plains.
The city's proximity to game reserves and national parks, such as the
Kruger National Park, enhances its geographical significance as a gateway to wildlife and natural beauty.
Polokwane experiences a semi-arid climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Summers are hot with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F), while winters are generally mild and dry, with temperatures averaging around 20°C (68°F).
Rainfall is highest during the summer months, contributing to the region's agricultural activities.