Tapered roller bearings - wheel bearing type

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added in Auto system and parts by BetaEx

[img] Cutaway view of a tapered roller bearing. via Silberwolf (2006)

Tapered roller bearings are a type of rolling element bearing designed to handle both radial and axial (thrust) loads. They consist of small tapered rollers arranged in a double row inner race and a double row outer race. The shape of the rollers and the races is tapered, allowing the bearings to handle a combination of radial and axial loads in both directions.

Here are some key features and characteristics of tapered roller bearings:

  1. Tapered Design: The rollers and races of tapered roller bearings are conical, or tapered, in shape. This design allows the bearing to support both radial and axial loads, making them suitable for applications where both types of loads are present.

  2. Inner and Outer Rings: Tapered roller bearings have inner and outer rings, with the rollers positioned between them. The inner and outer rings have tapered raceways that converge at a common point on the bearing's axis.

  3. Load Capacity: Tapered roller bearings are known for their high load-carrying capacity. The tapered design distributes the load more evenly across the rollers, preventing concentrated stress points.

  4. Axial Load Capability: The tapered shape of the rollers and races enables tapered roller bearings to handle axial loads in one direction. This axial load capacity makes them suitable for applications where there are both radial and thrust forces, such as in wheel hubs of vehicles.

  5. Adjustability: Tapered roller bearings can accommodate slight angular misalignments between the shaft and the housing. This adjustability helps in situations where there may be slight shaft deflection or misalignment.

  6. Single and Double Row Designs: Tapered roller bearings are available in both single row and double row designs. Single row bearings are primarily used for radial loads, while double row bearings are used for applications with higher axial loads.

  7. Applications: Tapered roller bearings are widely used in various applications, including automotive wheel bearings, gearboxes, axle systems, and other machinery where radial and axial loads need to be supported.

  8. Maintenance: Some tapered roller bearings require periodic maintenance, including lubrication. However, advancements in bearing technology have led to the development of sealed and pre-lubricated tapered roller bearings that reduce or eliminate the need for maintenance.

Overall, tapered roller bearings are a versatile and robust type of bearing that plays a crucial role in supporting loads in a wide range of industrial and automotive applications.