Madaba, located at coordinates 31.7182° N latitude and 35.7939° E longitude, is in the northwestern part of Jordan, approximately 30 kilometers southwest of the capital city, Amman. [Map location]
It serves as the capital of Madaba Governorate and has a population of around 60,000. Madaba is renowned for its Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics, including a notable mosaic map of the Holy Land.
Demographically, Madaba is a diverse city with a mix of ethnicities and religions. The population comprises Jordanians of various backgrounds, including Arab Muslims and Arab Christians.
The city is known for its Christian heritage, which has a notable presence in its population.
Madaba's economy is primarily based on a combination of agriculture, tourism, and trade. The city's fertile surroundings support agricultural activities, including the cultivation of olives, grapes, and other crops.
The tourism sector is significant due to Madaba's historical and religious attractions, with visitors coming to see the famous mosaic map in St. George's Church. Trade also plays a role in the local economy, as Madaba is strategically located along important roadways connecting various regions of Jordan.
Madaba has a rich historical background dating back to ancient times. It is particularly renowned for its mosaic map, a 6th-century Byzantine map of Jerusalem and the Holy Land. The city's history includes periods of Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic rule, and its heritage is deeply intertwined with the history of Christianity in the region. Madaba has been a pilgrimage site for Christians, and it continues to hold religious significance today.
The city is surrounded by undulating terrain and is part of the broader region known as the Madaba Plateau. To the west, the terrain gradually descends towards the Jordan Valley, and to the east, it rises towards the Amman Plateau. The city is situated in a landscape featuring limestone hills, making it a visually appealing location.
Madaba experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. The summers are usually hot, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F). Winters are cooler, with occasional rainfall.
The best time to visit Madaba from a climate perspective is typically during the spring and autumn when the weather is milder and more comfortable for outdoor exploration.
Things to See & Do in Madaba - Jordan, Middle East >