situated in South Lanark, Lanarkshire, Scotland, is a small town located 20 kilometres south-east of Hamilton. The town is positioned at the confluence of Mouse Water and the River Clyde, and had a population of 9,050 in 2016.
Having attained the status of a royal burgh in 1140, Lanark played a pivotal role in the
historical context of Lanarkshire, being the county town until Hamilton claimed this title in modern times. Lanark is renowned for several noteworthy landmarks including New Lanark, the Corra Linn, and the site of Lanark Castle.
Transport links are available through Lanark railway station and coach station, which have frequent services to Glasgow. Though Lanark is relatively industry-poor, its residents commute to work in Glasgow and Edinburgh. The town's commercial sector, which caters to the local agricultural community and surrounding villages, comprises a wide array of shops, with a large modern livestock auction market situated on its outskirts.
Similar to the majority of the
British Isles and Scotland, Lanark is subjected to a maritime climate that features cool summers and mild winters. In particular, Lanark's rural, inland location results in a climate profile that experiences frequent frost, albeit with significant variation across the region.
For example, Carnwath, located approximately 6 miles to the east, is located in a sheltered, upland sandy-soiled area where frost has been recorded during all months. On average, nearly 100 nights per year report the occurrence of frost, and during an average year, temperatures can plummet to as low as −14.3 °C (6.3 °F) on the coldest night.
Furthermore, while Lanark is positioned on a hilltop above the River Clyde, the phenomenon of katabatic drainage lowers the incidence of frost. Overall, the local climate of Lanark is characterized by a distinct tendency for frost occurrences, with variability and nuances arising from specific topographic and geographical factors.